The Paleo Diet is about eating modern foods that mimic the presumed diet of our pre-agricultural, hunter-gatherer ancestors who lived in the Paleolithic era, around 15,000 years ago,
It is based on the premise that human genetics have changed very little since the dawn of agriculture and that modern humans do best on the so called Paleolithic, Caveman, Ancestrial or Primal diet.
The paleo diet is a very controversial topic among nutritionist and anthropologists. They say that the Paleolithic hunter-gatherers were largely free of the diseases that afflict our modern society, but the food they ate was a far cry from what we now eat. The meat they ate was wild, free of chemicals and was eaten fresh on the spot. They also ate a very different type of wild vegetables and fruit and whatever else they could find. There is also some evidence that they did eat some wild grains.
The modern paleo diet consists mainly of fish, grass-fed pasture raised meats, eggs, vegetables, fruit, fungi, roots, nuts, coconut oil and fermented foods. It excludes grains, legumes, dairy products, potatoes, refined salt, refined sugar and processed oils.
The primary reason for the health benefits derived from the paleo diet is most likely from eliminating the processed, non foods from your diet.
Analyzing the fundamental characteristics of hunter-gatherer diets does correspond to what we now know minimizes the risk of obesity and chronic disease. The breakdown of this basic diet is a follows:
1. A high Protein diet, 20-40% of total calories. Meat, seafood and other animal products are the mainstay of modern day paleo diets.
2. A high fat intake ( animal products, nuts & seeds) 20-30% of calories primarily from saturated and monounsaturated fats with balanced Omega-3 and Omega-6 fats. The amount of calories from fat is not as important as the type of fat you eat.
Cutting out trans fats and the Omega-6 polyunsaturated fats from processed vegetable oils and increasing the healthful monounsaturated and Omega-3 fats account for lowering blood cholesterol levels and reducing your risk for heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Recent studies have shown that healthy saturated fats are not a cause of cardiovascular disease.
3.Non-starchy fruits and vegetables are the main carbohydrate source and provide 35-45 % of daily calories. These foods are also low on the glycemic index and do not spike blood sugar levels as grains and sugars do.
Non-starchy vegetables also contain eight times more fiber than whole grains.. Fruits also contain twice as much fiber as whole grains. Raw fruits and vegetables also contain high amount of important nutrients such as the minerals potassium, calcium and magnesium which are vital to good health and missing in today’s processed food diets.
The balance of alkaline forming fruits and vegetables and acids forming meats creates a healthy blood ph. Grains and sugars which are also acid, tend to keep the body in an acid unhealthy state.
The Paleo diet basically is a stricter, upgraded Akins diet which has its merits but is difficult to stick with. Both the Paleo and Akins diets are actually spin offs from Dr. Melvin’s Page’s famous diet that has been around since the nineties.
The Page Diet is not a diet but a food plan. Dr. Page called it a food plan because he found certain foods to upset the body chemistry. He based his food plan from the early research of Drs. Weston Price and Francis Pottenger, who showed how the relationship of quality of the foods you ate affected your health, both physical and emotional.
It was created at the famous Page Clinic in Florida. Blood chemistry panels were taken every three to four days on all patients. It made no difference what a person’s genetic disposition was, the same foods upset the body chemistry. Certain genetic dispositions were able to handle those foods better than others, but after thousands of blood chemistry panels his food plan proved true by normalizing the patient’s blood chemistry without any other intervention.
The Page diet has been proven by hundreds of health care practitioners to detoxify the body and promote weight loss and optimal health.